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Economic and Social Committee (OKE)

Economic and Social Committee (OKE)

Date of entry: July 2, 1999

Member of AICESIS

Member of ILO


Institutional characteristics

Date of creation
Nature of the texts that create the ESC (Constitution, law, decree, etc.)
Law 2232/1994

Since 2001, OKE’s operation is prescribed in the Greek Constitution (Article 82).


Consultation and advisory

The objective of the ESC is to promote the social dialogue and through it to formulate (if possible) mutually acceptable positions on issues of concern to society as a whole or specific social groups. The aim of the ESC is not to curb different ideological and political views, but to reach and/or highlight, by putting forward various arguments and proposals, the consensus on social and economic issues, if it exists or can be created.
Through its proposals and opinions, it also seeks to maximize the social benefit or minimize any possible negative effects of decisions taken by executive and legislative powers.


Bipartite plus (W, E and others)

Number of members : 60 members

Employers: 20
Employees: 20
Various professions: 20

There are 12 full time employees.

Duration of the term : 4 years

Process of designating the members (election, nomination, by whom, etc.): appointed by socio professional Organizations
Management organes


The President is elected on a rotating basis among the Groups of the Plenary Session. The duration of the mandate is 4 years. After his election, the President is formally appointed by a decision of the Minister of Economy, who ratifies the proposal made by the Plenary Session.

General Assembly and Plenary

Plenary Session


Gender balance

Between 0 and 9%

Approximately 8% women
Reporting Institution



Souce of funding
The budget is drawn up in Plenary Assembly and approved by the Government which finances the Institution.


Who convenes the ESC

The Ministers or an MP may seek the Opinion of O.K.E. or a draft law. O.K.E. also has a legal right to issue own-initiative Opinion.

Salary of members

The Councillors receive compensations.


There is no official publication.


- European Economic and Social Committee (EESC)
- International Association of Economic and Social Councils and Similar Institutions (AICESIS)
- Union of Economic and Social Councils and Similar Institutions of Francophonie (UCESIF)

Main technical areas of competencies

Vocational Training and skills development

Development of lifelong learning

Productivity and competitivity

Protection of Competitiveness

Competitiveness and employment

Social Security and social protection

Reform of the Labor Inspectorate and issues on Social Security regulations

Employment policy and labour market regulation

Shop opening hours

Active employment policies and income support to the unemployed

Pension arrangements, single payroll, job redundancy and other provisions for implementing the Medium Term Financial Strategy Framework 2012-2015 - Draft

The principle of the freedom of profession. Abolition of unjustified restrictions in accessing and practicing professional employment

New Public Insurance System and other provisions. Arrangements in Labor Relations

Guarantees against labor insecurities and other provisions


Secondary Education

University Education

Pre-school Instruction and Primary Education

Structure, Function, Quality assurance in education and internationalization of higher education institutions

Gender equality and anti-discrimination

Women's role in the economic and social life of the Southeastern Mediterranean countries and, in particular, their integration in the labor market

Health and Medical Policy

Nutrition risks for health and hygiene

Narcotics Act and other provision

Drugs Code

Re-organization of Social Solidarity Institutions, Rehabilitation Centers, National Health System restructure and other provisions

Organ donation and transplantation and other provisions

Structural changes in the Health System and other provisions

Environment Policy

Tourism and Environment

Environment – Protection of Nature

Climate Change

Water Resource Management - Initiative Opinion

Protection of the environment through criminal law - Compliance with Directive 2008/99/EC - Waste framework - Compliance with Directive 2008/98/EC – Issues concerning the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change

Acceleration of the development of Renewable Energy Resources for encountering climate change

Sustaining the biodiversity and other provisions

Environmental Licensing, regulation of illegal constructions in relation to creating environmental balance and other provisions

Financial and Economic Policies

Economic, budgetary and financial crisis

Construction activity as a parameter of economic development and the consequences of the economic crisis on it

The policies for strengthening employment and fighting unemployment at the period of economic crisis

The social economy and the social entrepreneurship

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) - Current and future prospects

Simplifying procedures to enhance the tourism entrepreneurship, restructuring of the Greek Tourism Organization and other provisions

Creating a favorable business environment for strategic and private investments and other provisions

Improving Business Environment - New Corporate Type – Trade Marks in respect of Goods and Services - Real Estate Agencies - Development of Marine Tourism and other provisions

Reform of the operation framework of the Consignment Deposits and Loans Fund, Public Debt Management Agency, Public Enterprises and Organizations, establishment of the General Secretariat of Public Property and other provisions

Private Investment support for economic development, entrepreneurship and regional cohesion

The regulation of private insurance, the creation of guarantee fund for private life insurance and other arrangements of the Ministry of Finance responsibility

Fiscal and Taxation Policies

Income Tax, Emergency Measures for the Implementation of the Law 4046/2012, the Law 4093/2012 and the Law 4127/2013 and other provisions

Fighting tax evasion, reform of the tax services and other provisions.

Regulation of business and professionals’ debt to Credit Institutions and arrangements for processing data on economic behavior

Social Dialogue and tripartism

The National General Collective Agreement and Social Bargaining as Factors of Social Cohesion

Social Dialogue in Greece Evaluation - Trends - Perspectives

The Regional Dimension of Social Dialogue Institutions

Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy and Industrial Policy

New knowledge - New employments - The impacts of new technologies

Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate Social Responsibility

Infrastructure Networks, Transport, and Energy Policies

Organization and Operation of the Electronic Communications Sector

Operation of Energy Markets, of Electricity and Gas, for Research, Production and transmission networks of Hydrocarbons and other provisions

Electronic Governance

Post services, Electronic Communication and other provisions

Reform, restructure and development of urban transportation of the Periphery of Attica and other provisions

Restructure of Civil Aviation and other provisions

Restructure, Reform and Development of OSE and TRAINOSE and other clauses for the railway sector

Road Commercial Transport

Measures to improve the energy efficiency during the final use, energy services and other clauses


Expansion of direct and participatory democracy by conducting a referendum

Evaluation of the National Reform Programme 2011-2014


Return of VAT and Special Consumption Tax on gas to the farmers of special status

Training in the Agricultural Sector in Greece

Genetically Modified Products

Organization and functioning of the Greek Agricultural Organization - DIMITRA, integrated support for rural areas of applied agricultural research, rural vocational education and training and control and certification of agricultural product

Settings for livestock and livestock facilities

Institutional framework for agricultural cooperatives, collective organizations and entrepreneurship in the rural world - Organization of the State Supervision

Register of farmers and farm business – The definition of professional farmer

Protection and insurance system of agricultural activity

Legal Affairs

Fast track and transparency in the implementation of Strategic Investments

Contemporary arrangements for the Greek Nationality and the political participation of Greeks and the legal migrants, and other clauses

For a fair trial and its reasonable duration

Disciplinary Law of Employees of the Public Sector and Public Corporate Bodies

Social Affairs



The Demographic Question

High cost of living – Social and economic consequences

Civil Society

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOS)

Consumer’s Protection

International affairs

Agriculture and food safety in the context of the Euromed partnership

Immigration and cooperation between countries in the Mediterranean

Globalization of trade in the context of W.T.O

European Affairs

Europe 2020 – The new Lisbon Strategy

Priority sectors in light of the interim report evaluation-2005 of the Lisbon Strategy

The contribution of the Lisbon Strategy on the European Social Model

The Lisbon Strategy and the SMEs

Enlargement of the E.U. and the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy

The Enlargement of the European Union

Social Dialogue in Southeastern Europe

Ratification of the Revised European Social Charter


Culture in Greece Economic, artistic and social dimensions and perspectives

Olympic Games 2004

Territorial Management

Regional and Urban Planning and Zoning


Regulatory Governance: Principles, Procedures and Means of good law-making

New Architecture of the Local Government and the Decentralized Government - “Kallikratis Program”

Public Administration

Sub-committees/working groups

Gender equality and anti-discrimination

Observatory on combating discrimination

International / Regional affairs

Observatory for the Lisbon Strategy

Social Affairs

Observatory for the Acting Ageing