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Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council

Date of entry: June 27, 2002

Member of AICESIS

Member of ILO

 Best practices : 

Conferences, research awards, international cooperation.

- TRESMED European project, to foster Economic and Social Councils in the Euromed region

- EUROSOCIAL II European project, to foster Economic and Social Councils in Latin America


Institutional characteristics

Date of creation
June 17, 1991
Year operational
Nature of the texts that create the ESC (Constitution, law, decree, etc.)
Law 21/1991, of 17th June, on the Founding of the Economic and Social Council. It is envisaged in the Constitution of 1978 (article 131.2).

Consultation and advisory

The Council must deliver its Opinion on Draft Bills and Draft Royal Legislative Decrees concerning socioeconomic and Labour matters (except the Draft General Government Budget Bill) as well as on any Draft Royal Decrees containing particularly important provisions on such matters, but its Opinion are not binding. The Council is also required to deliver Opinions concerning any affairs on which it may be consulted by the National Government or any members of the Government; as well as to draw up, reviews or reports on economic and social matters at the request of Government or at its own initiative.

- Issue mandatory opinions on draft bills of laws, draft legislative royal decrees regulating socioeconomic and labour policy, and draft royal decrees considered by the Government to be of particular significance in this field.
- Studies and analyses issues of concern to our society on its own initiative. Its annual socioeconomic and labour report has become an essential point of reference for understanding Spain’s development and socioeconomic situation.


Bipartite plus (W, E and others)

Number of members : 61 members

Trade Union Organizations: 20 members (Group 1)
Employers Organizations: 20 members (Group 2)
20 members as follows (Group 3):
Agricultural professional organisations: 3
Maritime-fisheries sector: 3
Consumers and users: 4
Cooperative associations from the sector of social economy: 4
Experts in the social, economic and labour fields: 6

Duration of the term: 4 years renewable

Process of designating the members: The Council members are designated or proposed by the entities and associations of the different Groups and appointed by the Government at the proposal of the Minister of Labour.

Management organes


The President is elected for 4 years renewable by the Government, upon proposal of the Minister of Labour and Immigration and the Minister of Economy and Finance, after consulting the different Groups of the Council. The nomination must get then a qualified majority of the voting of the members of the Plenary Assembly the Council to be effective. There are 2 Vice Presidents elected by the Plenary Assembly upon proposal of the members from Group 1 and Group 2 and from those Groups.

General Assembly and Plenary

Plenary Assembly


General Secretariat
74 employees make part of the General Secretariat.
Gender balance

Equal or More than 10%

Approximately 18% women
Reporting Institution


The Council is required to draw up and submit to the Government each year a Report containing the Council´s considerations on the country´s socioeconomic and labour situation.

Main technical areas of competencies

Productivity and competitivity

Draft Bill on support for entrepreneurs and business internationalisation

Internationalization of Spanish companies as a factor of competitiveness


Education system and human capital

Health and Medical Policy

Draft Order establishing new sets of medicinal products and their reference prices, and revising the reference prices set for previously established sets

Decentralisation, competitiveness and social cohesion in the health system

Draft Bill transposing to Spanish Law Directives 2010/84/EU of the European Parliament and Council of 15 December 2010 on Pharmacovigilance and 2011/62/EU of the European Parliament and Council of 8 June 2011 on the prevention of the entry into the legal supply chain of falsified medicinal products, and amending Law 29/2006 of 26 July on guarantees and rational use of medical and health products

Environment Policy

Regional development, competitiveness and social cohesion. The environment

Financial and Economic Policies

Spain’s Partnership Contract in the context of cohesion policy for 2014-2020

Income distribution in Spain: inequality, structural changes and cycles

Infrastructure Networks, Transport, and Energy Policies

Draft Bill for a General Telecommunications Law


Common fisheries policy reform

Legal Affairs

Draft Bill on Legal Aid

European Affairs

Draft bill to guarantee market unity

New economic governance in the European Union and growth

The challenge of the internal European market

Sub-committees/working groups

Employment policy and labour market regulation and reform

Industrial Relations, Employment and Social Security

Gender equality and anti-discrimination

Ad hoc Working Commission for the socioeconomic situation of Spanish Women

Environment Policy / Sustainable development

Sectorial Policies and Environment

Fiscal and Taxation Policies

Economy and Tax Regulations

International / Regional affairs

European Single Market, Regional Development and Development Co-operation

Others (please specify the list)

Working Committee responsible for drawing the Annual Report on the socio-economic and labour situation of Spain

Social Affairs

Health Care, Consumer and Social Affairs, Education and Culture


Agriculture and Fisheries