Lebanon Print

Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

Date of entry: July 11, 2000

Member of AICESIS

Member of ILO

The Council succeeded in creating an efficient space for dialogue between the main actors of the civil society. It managed to maintain relationships of trust with all parties. It greatly contributed to the public governance in Lebanon. 


Institutional characteristics

Date of creation
Nature of the texts that create the ESC (Constitution, law, decree, etc.)
implementation of the TAEF agreements, the new national pact which changed the Lebanese Constitution in 1989


- Secure partaking by economic, social and professional sectors in formulating opinions and consultation, which assist state social and economic policies
- Developing inter-dialogue, cooperation and coordination between various social, economic and professional sectors.( LAW # 389 ,Article2)
- The Prime Minister acting at the behest of the Cabinet may refer to the Council requests to formulate opinions file reports or, make researches over matters of a professional, social and economic nature. The PM's instruction may also include a deadline for the S.E.C. to accomplish its task.
- In cases deemed contingently urgent by the government, The Council must formulate an opinion within a month's time.

Decision making


- The Council has the right to, automatically voice its view concerning tasks and matters defined under Article 2 of this Law. This is done by a two-thirds majority vote with (LAW # 389, Article 3)

Bipartite plus (W, E and others)

Number of members : 71 members

Membership structure
Trade Unions organisations: 22
Employers’ associations: 15
Women associations: 2
Qualified personalities (appointed by the Government): 10
NGO: 3
Self-employed people: 11
Cooperative associations: 2
Expatriates: 6

There are 7 full time employees.

Duration of the term : 3 years non renewable

Process of designating the members (election, nomination, by whom, etc.): The Cabinet and, upon the PM's suggestion defines by decree those bodies that are more representative of the various sectors that make up the Council as exclusively defined in Article (IV) of this law

Management organes


The Bureau members elect the President and the Vice President for 3 years.


Who convenes the ESC

The Prime Minister addresses requests for advice to the Council on social and/or economic matters. The Council has a legal the ability to give its opinion on some cases by self-referral; however, this requires a qualified majority.

Salary of members

The Councillors do not receive any compensation.


The opinion of the Council’s opinion will be published in the Official Gazette.


Affiliations : AICESIS – UCESIF

Main technical areas of competencies

Productivity and competitivity

The SMEs survey
SME’s merger scheme for a better productivity
Rescheduling the debts and support to the SMEs

Employment policy and labour market regulation

Pension Fund


Private high education

Financial and Economic Policies

Economic and social crisis: The way out


In the beginning of 2007, the President of the ESC published with an experts group a book summarizing the opinions, reports and studies undertaken by the Council “Emerging Lebanon, towards an economic and social vision”, available on the Council website: www.ces.gov.lb


Agriculture support policy

Sub-committees/working groups

Productivity and competitivity

Commission of Productive Activities

Employment policy and labour market regulation and reform

Commission of Employment Affairs, Profession, Arts and Crafts

Environment Policy / Sustainable development

Commission of Environment, Tourism and Transport

Financial and Economic Policies

Commission of General Economic Affairs

Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy and Industrial Policy

Commission of Technology Science and Standards

Others (please specify the list)

Commission of Human Development and Human Rights

Social Affairs

Commission of General Social Affairs


Commission of Regional Affairs and Agriculture