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Economic, Social and Environmental Council

Economic, Social and Environmental Council

Date of entry: July 2, 1999

Member of AICESIS

Member of ILO

Currently, the economic and social context accelerates the need to build an honest and constructive dialogue between the various actors and forces of the Moroccan society able to sharpen the collective understanding and identify solutions satisfactory for everyone.

In this respect, the ESC is committed to organize all the subjects he treats, free and open forum discussions and to consider the trends that emerge.

In this logic, and without waiting for a referral to the Government or the Parliament, the Council has already undertaken to study in depth some aspects affecting the national economic and social fabric.


Institutional characteristics

Date of creation
11 February 2011
Nature of the texts that create the ESC (Constitution, law, decree, etc.)
Law n°60-09 of 19 October 2009 / Decree n°2-10-153 of 16 June 2010 / Dahir n°1-10-28 /– envisaged by the Constitution of September 1996 (articles 93, 94, 95)

Consultation and advisory

• Advisory body for both the executive and legislative branches, in order to enhance the performance of the Government and the status and credibility of the Parliament.
• Watchdog and powerhouse of proposals for public policy guidelines in economic, social, cultural and sustainable development sectors.
• Constitutional forum for deep reflection and constructive dialogue between its members in order to bring major social contracts to fruition.
• Give opinions on general orientations of the national economy and training.
• Make studies and researches and analyse the economic situation and ensure the follow-up of the economic and social policies at the national, regional and international fields.
• Give priority to drawing up the new social charter and give its opinion on the coordination and interplay between development plans and sector-based policies.


Bipartite plus (W, E and others)

Number of members : 99 members

- 24 Experts in the social, economic, cultural and financial fields, employment, training, environment, sustainable development, digital economy – appointed by the King
- 24 members from Trade Unions – 12 appointed by the Head of Government, 12 by the House of Representatives, 12 by the House of Counsellors on trade unions proposal
- 24 members from employers organisations (trade, services, agriculture, industry, fishing, energy, mining, craftsmanship) – 12 appointed by the Head of Government, 12 by the House of Representatives, 12 by the House of Counsellors on organisations proposal
- 16 members from social associations and organisations (environment protection, fight against poverty, etc) – 8 appointed by the Head of Government, 2 by the House of Representatives, 2 by the House of Counsellors
- 11 from Institutions and bodies like the President of the Superior Council for Education, the President of the advisory Council of human rights, the President of the Council for Moroccan community abroad, the Director of the national social security etc.

Duration of the term: 5 years renewable once

Management organes


The President is appointed by Dahir.

The Bureau is composed by the President + 5 members appointed by the General Assembly and representing the 5 groups

General Assembly and Plenary

General Assembly


general secretariat
Reporting Institution



The Institution gives its opinions to the Head of Government if the Government convened the ESEC, or to the authority which convened it (President of the House of Representatives or President of the House of Counsellors).
Souce of funding
The budget is included in general budget of the State.


Who convenes the ESC

The Government, the House of Representatives and the House of Counsellors convene the ESEC on all matters of economic or social nature, except on the financial bills. The Institution has a legal right to issue own-initiative opinion.

Salary of members

The Councillors receive compensations for mission.


They are issued in the Government publication listing new acts. The Government and the Parliament report back the fate of the Council opinions.
Every year, the Council reports to the King on the national economic and social situation and on the ESEC activities.


Affiliations: AICESIS - UCESIF

Main technical areas of competencies

Gender equality and anti-discrimination

Promoting equality between women and men in economic, social, cultural and political life

Health and Medical Policy

Basic Healthcare: towards an equitable widespread access

Fiscal and Taxation Policies

The Moroccan tax system, economic development and social cohesion

Youth Employment

Youth employment

Inclusion of Young People through Culture


Public procurement, strategic lever for economic and social development

Social Affairs

Social charter

National Initiative for Human Development: Analysis and Recommendations

Respect for rights inclusion of persons with disabilities

Territorial Management

New Development Model for the Southern Provinces


Public services governance