South Korea Print

Economic, Social and Labor Council

Economic, Social and Labor Council

Date of entry: June 25, 2003

Member of AICESIS

Member of ILO

Administrative organization 

Organization  includes Chairman and Vice-Chairman, Administration Division(Director-General), External Affairs Division(Director-General) and Specialists Group(Chief of Specialist).

List of the Committees:

The Council has dealt with many important pending issues through the below-mentioned Committees by Agenda and Committees by Industry since in 2007. The Council was formerly named with the Korea Tripartite Commission till the year 2006.

Committee on Development of Industrial Relations (2007)

Committee on Improvement of Collective Bargaining System (2007)

Committee on Improvement of Wage System (2007)

Committee on Follow-up Measures for Non-Regular Workers Law (2007)

Committee on Development of Employment Insurance System (2007)

Committee on Improvement of Industrial Safety and Health (2008)

Committee on Promotion of Women’s Employment and Work-life Balance (2009)

Committee on Improvement of Working hours and Wage Systems (2010)

Committee on Development of Employment Service (2010)

Committee on Employment Measures for Baby Boomers Age (2010)

Committee on Improvement for Employment of Small and Medium Enterprises (2010)

Committee on Advancement of Labour and Management Culture (2010)

Committee on Advancement of Labour Market (2011)

Committee on Exceptional Sectors in Working Hours (2011)

Committee on Reduction of Hours Worked (2012)

Committee on Intergenerational Win-Win Employment (2012)

Committee on Social Safety Net to Make Work Pay (2012)

Committee on Advancement of Industrial Accident Prevention System (2012)

Committee on Jobs for Work-Life Balance (2013)

Committee on Improvement of Vocational Education & Training System to Make Work Pay (2013)

Committee on Public Sectors (2006)

Committee on Cargo Sectors (2007)

Committee on Auto-Parts (20013)

Special Committee on Improvement of Labor Market Structure(2014)

The Council also has sub-Committees and forums to study many crucial pending labor and social issues.



Institutional characteristics

Date of creation
January 15 1998
Nature of the texts that create the ESC (Constitution, law, decree, etc.)
Law on Establishment and Operation of ESDC (Legislation No. 5990)


Consultation and agreement on labor and its related industrial, economic and social policies and policy advice for the President of the Republic of Korea.


Tripartite plus G, W, E and others

Number of members of the Plenary Committee : 10 members

Membership structure:
- Workers: 2 (Presidents)
- Employers: 2 (Presidents)
- Public interest group: 2
- Government: 2 (Minister for Strategy and Finance, Minister for Employment and Labour)
- Minister for Trade, Industry and Energy participates in the Plenary Committee as a special member
ESDC: 2(Chairman and Vice-Chairman)

There are 40 full time employees in the Secretariat of the ESDC.

Duration of the term of the Plenary Committee : 2 years renewable

Process of designating the members (nomination) :
- Members of the Plenary Committee are appointed by the President of the Republic of Korea
- Members of Standing Committee and Committees by agenda and Committees by industry are appointed by the Chairman of ESDC

Management organes


Chairman and Vice-Chairman are appointed by the President of the Republic and their terms are 2 years renewable.

General Assembly and Plenary


Souce of funding
The budget is drawn up by the Ministry of Employment and Labour.


Salary of members

The members of all of Committees receive allowance whenever they participate in the committee meetings.

Main technical areas of competencies

Workplace compliance

-Agreement to Advance Industrial Accident Prevention System (2013)
-Agreement on Improvement of Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance (2006)
-Agreement on Improvement of the Industrial Safety and Health System (2008)

Labour Law reform

- Agreement to Revise the National Pension Act (1998)
- Agreement to Reduce Working Hours (2000)
- Agreement on Measures for Non-regular Workers (2002)
- Tripartite agreement on structural reforms of the labor market
- Framework Agreement on Structural Reforms of the Labor Market

Vocational Training and skills development

Tripartite agreement to promote life-long job skills development

Productivity and competitivity

-Agreement on Strengthening Competitiveness of the Manufacturing Industry and Creating Decent work (2006)

Fundamental principles and rights at work
Employment policy and labour market regulation

-Agreement to guarantee teachers the right to establish trade unions (1998)
-Social Pact for Job Creation (2004)
-Agreement to Advance Employment Service (2004)
-Agreement on Promoting Participation of the Middle-aged and aged in the Labor Market (2006)
-Agreement on Establishment and Activation of the Regional Employment and Human Resources Development System (2006)
-Agreement on Manpower Reduction in the Postal and Communication Sector (1998)
-Agreement on Revitalization of Employee Stock Ownership Scheme (2004)
-Basic Agreement to Promote Policy Projects led by Labor and Management for Changing the Paradigm of the Labor-management Relations (2006)
-Agreement on Measures to Support SMEs According to Implementation of Laws on Non-regular workers (2007)
-Agreement to Improve Wage System for Employment Stability (2008)
-Agreement to Develop the Employment Insurance System (2008)
-Agreement by Labor, Management, Civic groups and the Government to Overcome Economic Crisis (2009)
-Agreement on Rationalizing Negotiation System for Multiple Unions and Full-time Union Officials (2009)
-Agreement to Establish Assessment System for Effects of Non-regular Worker Protection Law (2009)
-Agreement to Apply Industrial Accident Insurance to Cargo Workers (2009)
-Agreement to improve the Practice of Long Working Hours and to Advance the Labor Culture (2010)
-Agreement to Strengthen Public Employment Service and Activate Private Employment Service (2010)
-Agreement for Connection and Cooperation of Employment Service between Central and Local Governments (2010)
-Agreement to Encourage Employment for the Baby-boom Generation (2011)
-Agreement to Improve Employment of Small and Medium Businesses (2011)
-Agreement to Reinforce the Social Safety Net to Make Work Pay (2013)
-Jobs Pact to Achieve a 70% Employment Rate (2013)

Health and Medical Policy

-Agreement to Integrate and Unify Medical Insurances (1998)

Financial and Economic Policies

- Social Pact for Overcoming Economic Crisis (1998)

Fiscal and Taxation Policies

-Agreement to Revise the Earned Tax Credit System (2002)
-Agreement to Introduce the Earned Income Tax Credit (2004)

Social Dialogue and tripartism

- Grand Tripartite Agreement on the Roadmap for Industrial Relations Reforms (2006)
-Agreement to Improve Collective Dispute Resolution System (2006)

Youth Employment

-Agreement on creating jobs for the young (2002)

Infrastructure Networks, Transport, and Energy Policies

-Agreement to on the Railroad Restructuring Plan (1998)

Social Affairs

-Agreement on Measures to Activate Childcare Service for Low Income Workers (2006)

Sub-committees/working groups

Workplace compliance to National Labour Law, International Labour Standards and collective agreements
Social Dialogue and tripartism
Productivity and competitivity
Employment policy and labour market regulation and reform
Education and Vocational Training
Gender equality and anti-discrimination